Hammertoes are perhaps the most common foot deformity one can develop over a lifetime. In this condition, the toes (except the big toe) will slowly begin to contract upward, at one or both joints in the toe. This can lead to painful corns, and to pain with simple shoe use. It can also lead to pain in the ball of the foot. This article will discuss how surgery is used to correct this deformity. Derotation arthroplasty. In this technique, the surgeon removes a small wedge of skin and realigns the deformed toe. The surgeon may also remove a small section of bone, and repair tendons and ligaments if necessary. In order to certainly determine whether you are suffering from hammer toe you should meet your doctor. Your doctor will run physical examination in the clinic itself. He may suggest tests and diagnosis to confirm the prevalence of the deformity. In usual cases mere an X-ray will help the doctor to determine the exact cause of the condition. Treatment for hammer toe The middle joint of the toe is bent. The end part of the toe bends down into a claw-like deformity. At first, you may be able to move and straighten the toe. Over time, you will no longer be able to move the toe. It will be painful. If the toe deformity is rigidly fixed, your surgeon will make the incision over the joint of the deformity, realign the tendons and ligaments, and also perform an osteotomy which is the removal of bone pieces. Your surgeon will then insert pins to keep the toes in proper alignment during the healing process. Other factors include poor circulation, diabetes, edema, and wearing non-leather shoes. Complications of the mallet toe can lead to puss, infection, and swelling, as well as a change in gait pattern because of pain. The mallet toe is a curious form of toe contracture, or curling, that is less well known than its cousin, the hammertoe This deformity is characterized by one toe lying on top of an adjacent toe. The most common toe involved is the fifth toe. When one of the central toes is involved the second toe is most commonly affected. The etiology of the condition is not well understood. It is though that it may be caused by the position of the fetus in the womb during development. The condition my run in families so there may be a hereditary component to the deformity. Special straighteners are also available from some footwear specialists. These help to pull the toe straight, which can resolve the deformity. If caught early, surgery is usually unnecessary. To help keep flexible hammer toes on a stretch during the day, use 3pp Toe Loops. These soft, cushioned straps allow you to hold the toe(s) on a slight stretch and they cushion the top of the toes to lessen the formation of calluses. 3pp Toe Loops can be worn with any toe. Related Products If you want to keep your favorite shoes, you could use a stretcher to accommodate the joint change and to prevent additional pressure that can worsen the deformity. As long as the toe box is long enough and deep enough to prevent bending the toe , stretching the shoes should work. The simplest form of treatment of this condition without consulting a doctor is to change the shoes and go for shoes with a broad front, which will give sufficient space for all the toes to be accommodated comfortably. Specialists in foot treatment treat overlapping toe , in a variety of props, caps, dividers etc. All these devices are meant to restore by force the overlapping toe to its normal position. As a consequence there is no friction between toes and the pain is removed. Surgery is not recommended usually. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms addressed, westrongly recommend that you seek the advice of your podiatristfor proper diagnosis. Your podiatrist may recommend conservative treatment techniques for your hammertoes based on your foot structure, which will likely involve removing any thick, painful skin, padding your painful area, and recommending for you shoes that give your curled toes adequate room. Conservative care strategies for this health purpose may also involve the use of Correct Toes , our toe straightening and toe spacing device. Sand Toe is a sprain of the big toe It is more common in situations like sand volleyball where the surface is unstable. The shifting sand makes it more likely for running, jumping, and explosive change of directions to bend the big toe forward. Hammer toe results from shoes that don't fit properly or a muscle imbalance, usually in combination with one or more other factors. Muscles work in pairs to straighten and bend the toes. If the toe is bent and held in one position long enough, the muscles tighten and cannot stretch out. A corn on the top of the toe is usually a result of an enlarged bone at what is known as the head of the proximal phalanx. This is the longest of the three toe bones found in the smaller toes. (The big toe only has two bones). Determine how you intend to play the game. If you are just a weekend player who golfs with friends or co-workers from time to time, a low- to mid-performance club can work for you. If you are more the competitive type and you are looking to get an edge, then you may want to step up to a more expensive, professional set of clubs. You are going to pay the price but it's no secret that with today's cutting edge technology it can make a big difference. Your doctor will give you pain medication, which may cause nausea or constipation. Eat lightly on the day of surgery.